The so-called New Journalism is a journalistic trend that for many was born in the 1960s in the USA. In the context of the social and cultural changes that took place at that time, following the publication of the book In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, a non-fiction novel combining literary elements with others characteristic of journalistic research and contributions since The report made by the writer Gay Talese.
The lightness and brevity of American journalistic texts, where the rule of the inverted pyramid prevailed, served as a trigger for those new writers who saw an opportunity to change the stigma of Harold Lasswell’s paradigm, where what, who, how, when And why, they headed the main newspapers of that country. However, the new scholars of the trade saw a chance to work in that empty standard that was providing brief and superficial information of the events that occurred and that in many cases went unnoticed by the lack of depth and seriousness imposed from its editors. This is how young writers focused on the purpose of this new journalism in telling stories that respond to real facts that appear to be fictional, so that the viewer can recreate in a more enjoyable way the circumstances that made news, taking into account a thread Conductor, a literary language whose handle is in the use of adjectives and literary figures and, in the effectiveness of a dialogue that shows the character and the emotions of the characters.
For a long time the two professions worked separately from the other, without realizing that although they were different in form, they point to the same purpose, which is why both journalists and writers used their own tools and their style was clear and Fairly defined. However, as Caparrós asserts, the situation would begin to dissolve visibly forty or fifty years ago, but that too is a convention, because the chronicle with tools of fiction has been worked 2500 years ago. Herodotus, for example, was an excellent journalist, his travel chronicles are the best that has been written, but he is considered as the father of history and as a literary.
The Argentine Martin Caparrós defines the literature as a broad set that includes certain forms of journalism. He asserts, like other great authors who have talked about the subject, that within literature, within what is done using a certain structure of words and others, are both fiction and journalism. In addition, the ultimate purpose of the two currents is to use the tools of the story to create in the reader the feeling that the facts that are the object of their reading were taken out of a fairy tale. Caparrós, leaves for the reflection “To steal to the fiction what it is possible to do better journalism”.
A few years after the Latin American Boom, there is a fact that should not go unnoticed, and it is the work Operación Masacre by Rodolfo Walsh, in 1957, a faithful reflection of what was later called New Journalism. In this book, the untold versions of state terrorism are portrayed during the dictatorship of Argentina, versions that Rodolfo manages to mix very well with his own literary style, thus giving him a notion of forced text, for those who want to know more about this fact than Marks the southern history of the continent, not by the use of data and dates, but how surprising stories appear around these data.
It is characterized by the application of resources and techniques from the fiction literature and other currents, considered until then incorrect by traditional journalism. For this reason, the new journalism implies a renewal in the forms of narration of reports, chronicles and interviews, combining the best of literature with the best of journalism.
It is characterized by being more efficient in the medium of communication it becomes easier for today’s writers to create news.
The two basic keys to journalistic renewal
Aesthetic Dimension: Journalists of the genre write their reports to be read as if they were stories, using dialogues of great realism, very detailed descriptions, characterizations and an urban language. Likewise, the journalist assumes more protagonism than in conventional journalism, since he gives his personal vision of events, although he tries to do it in the most objective way possible.
Research: They try to handle as much information as possible, go out into the street and try to be at the scene. Keeping the same requirements of accuracy, verification, objectivity and investigation of good journalism.
Also called ‘Literary Journalism’ is used by authors such as Gabriel García Márquez, Edgar Allan Poe, Truman Capote, among others. They used real facts counted as fiction, since the language and the figures give it another aesthetic dimension.This type of journalism implies a renewal in the way of narrating the reports, chronicles and interviews. It should be noted that this is taken as incorrect by ‘traditional journalism’.